These are neither vitamins nor minerals but are found naturally in foods of the vegetable kingdom.
They are not essential. The absence of them in our diet will not lead to death. However, they are important to our body especially in our day when we are exposed more than ever to sources of radicals.
They have been discovered in recent years. Numerous studies are being made about them and scientific articles are constantly being published.
It is not easy to keep our knowledge up to date.
Several hundred types of phyto-nutrients have already been discovered. They are known to be powerful antioxidants. They mainly protect against cancer, cardiovascular disease and premature aging. They also reduce the inflammatory response and increase our resistance to foreign bodies.
Here is the list of the most known
- Phenolic or polyphenol compounds.
- Flavonoids (anthocyanins, anthocynids, isoflavonoids, flavonoles, flavones). Sources: vegetables, fruits, green tea, soy, berries, cherries
- Phenolic acids (ferulic acid, caffeic acid, coumaric acid, ellagic acid, gallic acid). Sources: whole grains, berries, cherries, grapes, citrus fruits ...
- Catechins. Sources: lentils, beans, tea, grapes, wine ...
- Carotenoids (beta carotene, alpha carotene, cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin, lycopene, lutein). They give the orange color to carrots, peaches, mangoes but can also be found in green leafy vegetables.
- Limonoids (limonin, nomilin, d limonin). Source: citrus.
- Sulfur compounds.
- Organosulfur compounds.
- Allicin in garlic.
- Sulforaphane in cruciferae.