The term "angina pectoris" refers to a feeling of pain or discomfort in the chest. Angina pectoris occurs when the heart muscle does not get enough blood and as a result, not enough oxygen, to function normally. Angina pectoris is usually caused by the hardening of the arteries.
Anxiety may be a normal temporary reaction to some life situations. However, a chronic anxiety that persists and worsens is a real disease that may interfere with daily life activities. This type of anxiety makes one feel tensed, nervous, frightened for no apparent reason, and may be accompanied with headaches, insomnia and heart palpitations.
Previously called hypertrophy, benign prostatic hyperplasia is a definition for prostate enlargement. The term “benign” means that this enlargement is not a cancer, and it has nothing to do with the severity of the symptoms. BPH has mostly urinary consequences because the inflated prostate squeezes the urethra. Men therefore have difficulty urinating, with a low urinary flow despite a feeling of urgency and an incapacity to empty the bladder, as well as a frequent need to urinate at night.
"Sclerosis" refers to any fibrous degeneration of tissue or organ. With age, the tissues that make up the arteries lose their elasticity and become more rigid. The normal aging of the arteries is called arteriosclerosis.
Coronary heart disease, known as ischemic heart disease, is the most common cardiac disease. Of the estimated 56 million deaths worldwide in 2005, more than 32% were attributed to cardiovascular and coronary heart disease. Coronary artery disease is the most common manifestation of cardiovascular disease and accounts for more than half of the cases of manifest heart failure in the general population under 75 years of ag
Cholesterol is the most abundant lipid substance in the animal world and the most important from a metabolic point of view, especially as a precursor of steroid hormones. It is a sterol that has an exogenous origin (food) and an endogenous origin (biosynthesis). The liver is one of the main sites of synthesis. Cholesterol is present in all cells. Its high rate can lead to gallstones or constitute a risk factor for atherosclerosis.
Chronic venous insufficiency defines incapacity of the veins to return their blood to the heart due tot a lack of tonus. In most cases, venous insufficiency occurs in the legs because these veins must work against gravity to return the blood upward towards the heart.